On Day 1, participants identified and categories key factors influencing the uptake on feed technologies:

Categories and some examples of factors that could impact on uptake of technologies:

  • Natural resource and land use: land tenure and size; common property management; agro-climatic and farm system setting and variability
  • Complementary technologies: cropping intensity, type and mechanisation; animal breed and health; irrigation and water conservation
  • Cost/benefit (economics): labour seasonality; labour cost and availability; economic return to technology; trade-offs and opportunity costs
  • Tradition and culture: gender roles and distribution of benefits; risk mitigation options; user risk aversion; livestock keeping mindset and objectives
  • Market linkages and demand: product prices; market performance and concentration
  • Institutions and policies: public investment choices; regulations on quality etc; enabling environment for private actors
  • Capacity: knowledge and capacity of service and extension actors; collective action and organisation; user knowledge and skills
  • Infrastructure: credit; seed systems; other input supply and repair
  • ‘Density and clustering’ of livestock activities

Also on Day 1, we asked participants to write a card commenting on the following statement:

Feed technology uptake is most limited by …

  • Support for intermediary tools for uptake of technologies
  • Researchers/scientists
  • Non-adoption by the farmers
  • Limited knowledge of feed and nutrition from farmers’ side
  • Adoption by farmers
  • Economics of the technology
  • Farmers’ knowledge of basic nutrition concepts
  • Knowledge/understanding of opportunities
  • Adoption of animal nutrition technology by the farmers depending on their economic conditions
  • Adoption (economics)
  • Smallholders’ incremental benefit insignificant
  • Isolation of feed technology from: market value chains, other technologies, etc
  • Planning (seasonal)
  • Outreach
  • Requirements of the technology
  • Too little involvement of the private sector
  • Limited understanding of the complex innovation process
  • Imperfections/failures in livestock value chains / innovation systems